The review shows that a variety of theories exist as to what makes an effective leader – emotional intelligence, the strength of character, humility, communication efficiency and the will to succeed are some examples. Overall, this review highlights the importance for a leader to be flexible to the situation and context in which they find themselves making decisions and taking action. It appears that there is no one set formula to be an effective leader, instead of professional and personal development must be made lifelong learning goals. Professional development may take the form of training courses, or getting back to the ‘ground floor’ of the organization. Personal development for the leader requires critical reflection on one’s outcomes, to bring awareness of one’s strengths and weaknesses, as well as what makes one unique.
It is anticipated that this paper will provide a concise collection of leadership definitions that can contribute to student learning of leadership and the qualities that are necessary to motivate others to be led by them.
Leadership is a role that requires valuable skills as well as a reliance on innate personal characteristics. Effective leadership is highly demanded in the product and service industries. The act of leadership is complex and is determined by the credibility of the leader. importantly the leader must be able to exhibit a commitment to a clear set of values (Kouzes &. Posner, 2003). Characteristics of a good leader are often identified as being: honesty, competency, a good communicator, inspiring and forward-thinking (Kouzes &. Posner, 2002).
My personal definition of leadership is a person who is able to act in an ethical manner and so keeps in mind the rights and dignity of other people they interact with. Complementary to this is transparency of decision and actions, as well as demonstrating accountability for decision and action outcomes.