Medical as well law personnel and police are trying to create ways in identifying people with criminal tendencies. This is no easy task, but it is hoped that early stage detection is possible, and an individual can be treated accordingly to prevent them from turning into criminals.
Violence has been defined as “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community that either result in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment or deprivation.” (WHO, 1996, np)
Now genetic and environmental influences are considered as keys to the medical evaluation of the criminal mind. Much research has been carried out in both these areas, and supporting evidence exists. With time and more understanding, we may be able to handle violent behaviour at early stages before any damage is done. (Alper, 1995, pp 272)
The purpose of the research is to establish the genetic link that is present in individuals displaying criminal behaviour. While medical texts and researches support the genetic influence of criminal tendencies, such proof is less well accepted in legal and societal contexts. This may make the acquisition of psychiatric care very difficult for such individuals, leaving these cases untreated and for further deterioration. The aim of this paper is to increase awareness of the important role that genetics play in criminal and violent behaviour, and how various genetic technologies can help in identifying such tendencies at early stages. With the lack of proper awareness and education in the law systems, these patients may be wrongly charged and arrested, while not focusing on the methods to treat the condition. Similarly, many cases may be left unidentified of criminal tendencies and violent behaviours, which can lead to negative consequences for those in the immediate vicinity of the person.
Many genetic influences have been found to be responsible for violent behaviour. However, the lack of conclusive evidence still makes it difficult to detect which genes are specifically involved in causing violent behaviour. . .