Broken Windows The Police and Neighbourhood Safety by George L Kelling and James Q Wilson

Increasing the number of patrol officers or the severity of punishments in any kind of crime might be a good solution, but preventive measures still are better option. This essay focuses on one of such measures, called Broken Windows theory, that was firstly described by George L. Kelling and James Q. Wilson.
This essay also describes policy measures, that were established to show the citizens that no one is above the law and that everyone, even the law enforcement groups or the police also follow guidelines and protocols.
The theme about broken windows was coined after an experiment in two suburbs which shows the differences in how citizens in various neighbourhoods view the extent of their responsibilities as well as to how they act upon it in the prevention of crime. If the windows are not fixed, it is a sign that the owners of the household do not care about the house, which invites vagrant persons such as homeless people, drug addicts, gang members to the house. If the broken windows were fixed from the beginning, then there would be a lesser motive for trespassers to enter the house.
This essay also explored tests that validated this theory. “Broken Window” theory was tested in New York City and effectively decreased crime up to 75%, but critics of the theory still press for further tests in validating the theory since it seemed limiting to only certain areas. In the end of the essey, it provides additional insights in creating policies targeting both crime control and prevention for its success.