An inflamed bursa causes pain, tenderness to the touch of the affected body part, and limitation of motion. There may be redness and swelling." (Balch, 2006, p 274). Significantly, there are about 160 bursae in human body and the major bursae can be found contiguous to the tendons near the large joints, including the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees. As the healthy bursae create a smooth and more or less frictionless practical gliding surface normal movement of a human being becomes painless, whereas bursitis makes the movement difficult and painful, as it relies upon the inflamed bursa. Furthermore, when there is bursitis, movement of tendons and muscles over the inflamed bursa exacerbates the inflammation, worsening the trouble. Gout, which is sometimes an underlying cause of reoccurring bursitis, is a disease typified by the elevated levels of uric acid in the bloodstream. Historically known as ‘The Disease of Kings’ or ‘Rich man’s disease’, gout causes acute pain in joints, knees, toe, etc and the patient experiences severe inflammation in various parts of the body. This paper makes a reflective analysis of bursitis/gout in order to define the disease process, history of disease, symptoms, treatments, prognosis, and other relevant information regarding the disease.
In order to define
In order to define the disease process of bursitis, it is essential to realize that it is a painful condition that affects bursae and this disease occurs when a bursa becomes inflamed. Commonly, bursitis affects the shoulders, elbows or hips of human body, although knee, heel and the base of the big toe are all locations for bursitis, and it mostly occurs in joints that carry out normal repetitive movement. "Bursitis can be caused by injury, chronic overuse, and reactions to certain foods, airborne allergies, or calcium deposits. Tight muscles also lead to bursitis Bursitis can affect anyone, at any age. However, older people, especially athletes, are more likely than others to get this ailment. Bursitis is usually characterized by a dull, persistent ache that increases with movement" (Balch, 2006, p 274). Therefore, it becomes clear that repetitive movement and excessive pressure are the major causes of bursitis, although it is caused also by scoliosis, overuse of the shoulder joint and related muscles, and traumatic injury. In a reflective analysis of the disease process of bursitis, it becomes lucid that this disease can be caused by several factors. "The bursa is what cushions the tendon and thereby helps prevent friction between the tendon and the bone.Unfortunately, constant rubbing of the tendon over the bone with high amounts of repetitive arm, shoulder, hip, knee, and ankle motion can lead to enough friction of the bursa itself to cause the inflammation and irritation of the bursa called bursitisAnother way that bursitis occurs is when compression of the bursa happens on a regular basis, such as a side sleeper who places a lot of shoulder or hip pressure when they lay down for long periods."(Bursitis information and treatment options, 2003). Significantly, in the last case, it would not take too much movement of this previously compressed area to cause friction of the bursa. Therefore, there are various essential ways in which bursitis occurs and the most frequent tendon areas that become inflamed are the elbow, shoulder, hip, k