Challenges In Communication Of Children With Special Learning Needs

People with autism seem to be in a world of their own because they are not able to make out meanings of gestures, facial expressions or words spoken by people (Taylor B., &amp. Harris, S. 1995, 24- 40). Their semantic skills are disoriented and they seem indifferent or aloof about what is usually going on around them. How they behave does not match with what they feel inside and relating with other people becomes difficult if not impossible. The difficulty comes in when for instance an autistic child wants a toy from another non-autistic child, yet his gestures cannot let the other child know, or understand what he wants because of communication challenges. This results in the autistic child grabbing the toy forcefully because his needs are not being comprehended and acted upon on time. This, therefore, results in a conflict, in that, other people not in the special group category cannot understand them and may not meet their needs appropriately because they can’t comprehend the needs of the autistic child.
An autistic child’s communication chain lacks some stages like looking or attending, so as to read from the expressions or gestures, does not coordinate instructions to the speech muscles, his phonology is not developed. The autistic child can produce a voice that mostly does not make sense to the communication partners. The sentence structure or syntax is poor and they cannot make sensible sentences (Taylor, B., &amp. Harris, S. (1995).) hence making the communication process very challenging. Asperger’s syndrome is autism in a milder form (Anderson, S.R. et al 1987). A person having Asperger’s syndrome can read and understand. Many are of average intelligence and make it to school, college and even get jobs and sustain their livelihoods. What they lack is creativity or lack pragmatic and semantic skills.