Comparison of Narrative Family Therapy Multigenerational Family Therapy Experiential Family Therapy and Structural Family Therapy

Narrative therapy is used by a Narrative therapist when a person suffers major setbacks due to problems that had a great influence on his present life. This approach is essentially used by the therapist to help the person to describe the different trajectories or stories of their lives to understanding how it impacted on their present situation. The person needs to describe his mode of living and the different possibilities associated with them to give the therapist a better advantage of meting out the right treatment.
The focal point of the narrative therapy is not to focus on the problem itself, but to project how these problems have influenced and taken their toll on the person. Such an approach is termed as “externalization” or “objectification”. The Narrative” approach helps the person to re-frame, regroup or re-author various conversations, values, and incidents that have had a powerful influence on them and has created a great impact on their present lives.
The Narrative approach enables the person to understand their beliefs, principles, and skills in a better light and thereby encourages them to weigh the pros and cons, examine and evaluate themselves and their relationships after a thorough investigation. The primary duty of the therapist is to pose such questions that would encourage the patient to externalize the problem and thereby investigate it to find the right solution.
The therapist poses questions that help the person to examine the bitter areas and find alternatives to the problem which had caused all the pain. By talking to the person, the therapist is in a position to help him change the direction of his thoughts and restore some of the values and principles that were lost due to its influence. By the end of the session, the therapist would know clearly, whether there is scope for turning around the problems in a positive manner or if the problems have been too strong and have destroyed the person altogether.&nbsp.