Coronary Heart Disease

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Cardiovascular disease is a term that is associated with a disorder that develops in the cardiovascular system. It is linked to atherosclerosis, which is commonly referred to as an arterial disease. As such, coronary heart disease has several risk factors (De Santo et al. 2013). Individuals have at least a single coronary heart disease risk factor, which differs in terms of nature of risk development and severity. These risk factors for heart disease include those that are non-modifiable and those, which are modifiable. Non-modifiable risk factors include age and history of the family. These factors cannot be changed since they are inherent in the entire life of a person. Modifiable risk factors are termed so since they can be treated or changed. These include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, and cholesterol.&nbsp.Cardiovascular disease is a term that is associated with a disorder that develops in the cardiovascular system. It is linked to atherosclerosis, which is commonly referred to as an arterial disease. As such, coronary heart disease has several risk factors (De Santo et al. 2013). Individuals have at least a single coronary heart disease risk factor, which differs in terms of nature of risk development and severity. These risk factors for heart disease include those that are non-modifiable and those, which are modifiable. Non-modifiable risk factors include age and history of the family. These factors cannot be changed since they are inherent in the entire life of a person. Modifiable risk factors are termed so since they can be treated or changed. These include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, and cholesterol.&nbsp.Smoking Smoking is regarded as one of the drug abuse action and the most preventable risk factor that people should consider. This is because smokers increase their risk of developing the cardiovascular disease by two times than the other people. Further, exposure of smokers to the environment also increases the risk of cardiovascular disease development for non-smokers (Meijer et al. 2013). This illustrates that there is a need for individuals to ensure that they stay free from environments where there are people who are smoking.&nbsp. In addition to causing cancer development in the body of an individual, smoking tends to affect arteries, which are involved in the blood supply to the heart of a person. This has the impact of reducing the oxygen level and damaging the artery walls (Prabhakaran &amp. Jeemon 2012). Further, smoking makes a person vulnerable to peripheral arterial disease, stroke and heart attack. This includes making the blood of a person stickier, which results in making the blood cells to clog together. Consequently, the rate of blood flow in the body of an individual decrease since less blood flows via the artery and blockage cases are common.&nbsp.