Cultural Perspectives on Nursing in Health Care

While they no longer rely as much on traditional medicine, many of those former beliefs and practices still influence people today.Lithuania is an independent Baltic state which was once a part of the Soviet Union. It is a diverse culture with Russia, Poland, Latvia, and Belarus for neighbors, with its western border on the Baltic Sea coast at the edge of the Eastern European Plain. Although it struggled valiantly for independence throughout most of the twentieth century, it remained under Soviet control, until August, 1991, when it finally overcame Soviet occupation and set up its own government, gaining admittance to the United Nations as an independent Baltic state on September 16, 1991. It became a member of NATO on March, 29, 2004 and also of the European Union on May 1, 2004. (U.S. Department of State, 2011)Due to its proximity to the Soviet Union and the prevailing air currents, Lithuania is exposed to air pollution from the factories, including occasional nuclear fallout. There are many chemical plants dumping wastes into the rivers and streams, and as of yet, no water purification systems in some of the cities. The beaches along the Baltic coast are frequently closed for contamination. Although Lithuania, as a Soviet republic, was a leader in passing environmental regulations, it was not largely enforced due to Soviet concentration on the race for productivity and industrial supremacy. As a result, the environment of today has many challenges to overcome. (U.S. Department of State, 2011)With a current population of 3,239,032, Lithuania, despite colonization by Russia and Germany throughout the last century has remained fairly homogenous with ethnic Lithuanians comprising nearly 85 percent. They have retained their language, Lithuanian. although the