Developing a Research Question

If a review of literature is not done properly, duplication of research work will take place which will be wastage of time, energy and resources. “A thorough critical evaluation of existing research often leads to new insights by synthesizing previously unconnected ideas and can provide methods for the collection of data and suggest solutions. An analytical reading of the literature is essential and is especially important if one is aiming to collect raw data.” (Hart 2001, P.2).
When a research question is selected to be worked on it. it should be supported by four main things. Firstly, it should be seen that the research question under consideration is relevant in the social setup and whether such research will be advantageous to society and other social researchers. Secondly, how far the research question is researchable. ”Some problems are simply not amenable to methods of social research. Ethical questions, which are extremely relevant to welfare policies and people working in social welfare, may not be researchable.”(Alston &amp. Bowles 2003). For example, if the research question is ‘Should employers be allowed to select employees based on mental stability?’ Then, it cannot be researched based on tools in social studies as it is a question related to ethical consideration, humanitarian values, and legal laws. The question does not offer any form of patterns in the society to be researched on. If the question is like “Does the employer have different attitudes to employees with mental disabilities?” can be researched with the tools of social research as there is the presence of evident patterns and available sequence of data. Thirdly, feasibility is a criterion which requires the researcher to ensure that the work can be carried out in the present social setup and whether the sample or source required for generating the data is easily available or not.