Discrimination Between United Arab Emirates Nationals and Indians

The Gulf countries are recently experiencing large-scale immigration from India. Since the flourishing of the oil companies in 1962, the economic growth rising high and the countries felt acute labour shortages. This resulted in a phenomenal increase in the number of Indians workers in the Gulf countries. Presently there are about 3 million Indians in the Gulf countries, of which 700,000 workings in the UAE. In 2008, a study conducted by Agency for Developing Human Resources and Recruiting UAE Nationals (Tanmia) finds that 75 per cent of the expatriate labour force in the UAE is from Asian countries and a majority of them is from India. Figure 1 shows the labour outflows from India to UAE during 2000-2005. The figure shows a steep hike in the number of migrant workers in recent times. (Khagria 2005)
Indian immigrants in the UAE suffer from a number of discriminations – political, socio-economic and cultural. The social structure follows patriarchy and the economy is of rentier (an economy where individuals mainly derive they’re earning by virtue of possessing natural resources or some fixed investments) nature in the UAE. These have effectively truncated freedoms of political expression, occupational choice and recreational and formal religious activities of the Indian immigrants, particularly the non-Muslim immigrants.
There is an unusual difference between the huge wealth of the UAE nationals and the conditions of the migrated Indians who constitute an awesome mass of the population. A sample survey conducted in 2004 finds that the average salary of Indian workers in UAE is between Dh 1000-1500 per month (approx. US$270-478) or between US$3240-4896 per year. This is far below the average annual per capita income of the country, which is US$55200.&nbsp.(Zachariah and Rakash 2004) Unlike many issues, which challenge civil society and human rights, the inequality and injustice of the situation of Indians in the UAE are one, which can be resolved by amendment of laws and rules, because there are more than sufficient resources in the UAE to provide a basic standard of living for Indian immigrants.