Ecological Disaster of Brukunga Mine

Based on the results, the water that comes from the AMD Dam has the worst water quality of the area.
Industrialization and other forms of human activities are adversely affecting bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, oceans and groundwater. Constantly increasing human population triggers the excessive content of chemicals in our water system (Pimentel et al., 1998). Among the common water pollutants that contribute to the degradation of our water supply are: heavy metals, organic toxins, oils, nutrients, and other solid wastes.
Pollutants in water include a wide spectrum of chemicals and other harmful substances (Muskie, 1978). Many times, these chemical substances are toxic and could result in health risks. For many years, water pollution has been considered a major global problem because it could lead to worldwide death and disease.
The Brukunga mine site, located at Brukunga in South Australia, worked to recover iron sulphide between the years 1955 to 1972 (Government of South Australia, 2007). Collected sulfur was used in the production of sulfuric acid and superphosphate fertilizer needed to sustain the increased expansion of the agricultural industry during the Cold War period. In line with excavating the mines, a portion of the sulphur content going into the bodies of water was inevitable. Specifically, the constant farming activities of the local people in the area contributed to the high content of iron and sulfur in the waters.
In line with this matter, it is important to determine the amount of Iron (Fe) and Sulfur (S) present in the waters of Brukunga rivers. According to Mansfeldt and Dohrmann (2001), iron in rivers could form an iron-cyanide complex. Cyanides are readily formed within the environment. However, these cyanides are toxic to humans and other living organisms at very low concentration (CMC, 2007).