The public education system of Saudi Arabia consists of approximately 19 universities and about 25, 000 schools spread through the country, in addition to other colleges and educational institutions. All these institutions offer students a free education, free books, and free health services.The modern system of education in Saudi offers the State – of – the – art quality of instruction in various diverse fields of the arts and sciences. Though the core system remains the study of Islam, yet it encourages its students to learn diverse subjects in order that its citizens are prepared for life and are ready to work in a global economy.In 632 AD, centuries after the birth of Islam, education for both male and female was made a necessary requirement for all Muslims because the teaching of prophet Mohammed in the holy books – the Quran and the Hadith always emphasized the importance of education. The world of Islam emerged as a seat for learning during the period that Europe was mired in the ‘Dark Ages.’ It was during this period that Muslims made major contributions in the fields of medicine, astronomy, art, physics, and philosophy. This period was called the Golden age. Muslim scholars and scientists became the pioneers in the methods of these subjects and this is what laid the foundation for all the modern sciences which was made available in the 18th century to the European universities.Education is perceived as the dissemination of certain principles and ideas, but in reality, it teaches people how to go about their lives in a formal social context. In respect to these values, it is imperative that children, especially those with lesser capabilities be made stronger through the educational process which will hold for them the promise of a better future.