Though the main ambition is the future of Africa, some Black Nationalists are intent upon the eventual creation of a separate black nation by African Americans. .The political theory or the set of beliefs behind this movement was that African Americans should maintain their political, social and economic institutions separate from the White Americans. Spanning over the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, the Black Nationalists have agreeably defined two principles namely. racial separatism and black pride. The Nationalists call upon black pride seeking a racial unity that is racially based, rather than being grounded in a specific African culture or ethnicity. The purpose of this movement was to unite the people of African descendants and create a modern national state in Africa.
Black Nationalism can also say to be based upon Pan-Africanism, a perspective that emerged as a byproduct of the institution of slavery. The slaves of diverse linguistic and tribal backgrounds were deliberately mixed by the slaveholders. so as to minimize their ability to communicate and make common cause. Not only that. the African slaves were forced to bridge ethnic differences and form themselves into a single group.
Afrocentrism is the belief that the Black people’s African ancestry is an inescapable element of their lives. It has not only been a long disputed controversy but also a popular movement in the black community across America. It encourages black Americans to embrace the empowering vision of their African ancestors, especially the Egyptians. The supporters of Egyptocentrism link the ancient Egyptian ancestry and the heritage of the pharaohs to Black Americans. Influenced by different mythologies. Afrocentrism, Egyptocentrism and Black Nationalism are not only separate but sometimes conflicting movements in the popular history of African Americans.