On the other hand, there are certain disadvantages of involving users at this stage because they might be completely unaware of the needs of an information system and might provide inaccurate information to the system designers resulting in the failure of the information system (Lapiedra, Alegre &. Chiva 2006)In this stage, the users need to be completely involved in the process because here, the experts might think that they can provide the customer with an outstanding product. But this might result in complete failure because the end-users might not be able to understand the system or even use it. Therefore, the participation of users is extremely important because it is they who need to operate the system. therefore, the experts need to design a system that fulfills their information processing needs. User involvement at this stage might be disadvantageous because the process of understanding each other’s needs might prove frustrating as both the parties might have differing opinions (Learning objectives: nine steps in designing information systems n.d.).
In this stage, the users are asked to test out ideas and outcomes regarding the information system. This is one of the most important steps because this stage defines the user capabilities of using the information system. The user involvement at this stage plays a key role in the success of the information system because the users are provided with information regarding the technical aspect of the information system, that is, the hardware and the software. The drawback of user involvement at this stage might be the timing because the users might take long to understand the technical aspect of the information system (Learning objectives: nine steps in designing information systems n.d.).
This is a step where the participation of the users is minimal because now the experts are involved in the actual design of the system. One of the advantages of involving users at this stage is the discussion regarding the physical space that the system will require. Moreover, the training need will also .arise at this stage for which both the management and the experts have to take appropriate measures. .