Influence of Context in Understanding of Art

Botticelli’s painting of Three Graces (1482) is a fragment of the tempera panel painting “Primavera”. it describes three Greek mythological goddesses Aglaia, Thalia, and Euphrosyne. They are pictured dancing and holding their hands, looking at each other. The women look a kind of alike, they have the same hair color and the textures of their dresses are also similar, which shows that artist intended to picture them as a separate part from the whole composition, but didn’t want to emphasize on each of them, on the contrary, Botticelli made them as one element of the painting. The lines on the painting are soft and precise. color and shading form a three-dimensional picture – these factors influent on the naturalistic visualization of the Graces. The curling hair of the goddesses and the translucent elements of their clothes create an impression of lightness and serenity of women’s characters, and the dark background simultaneously emphasizes on this impression by contrasting, but also alienates this group of characters from the others in the painting. Three Graces are depicted extremely naturally. with a high technique, Botticelli succeeds to describe the goddesses both mythically and realistically.
The sculpture of Three Graces (Roman copy of a Greek work of the second-century b.c (marble) is an image of three young women, holding each other’s shoulders, the one in the middle is turned backward. Some of the women have their hands cut and they all don’t have head details, the statue was damaged, the artist created this work is unknown. Because of the damages, this work of art cannot be properly interpreted. The sculpture is made of marble, white color, and smooth surface. the figures of goddesses are real human sized, they stand on an ovoid base surrounded by two pillars on lateral sides.&nbsp.