Introduction to Public Health

Introduction to public health al affiliation Introduction to public health Overall goals of public health The overall goals and objectives of public health are to ensure that all individuals access proper health care. Heath care, in this context, entails proper heath care in terms of proper diets, physical well being, as well as safe reproductive health. Overall, proper heath care is the general well being of the individual’s health. Public health aims at reducing the risks of exposure to various diseases, therefore reduce the number of deaths globally. Public health also ensures that there is an increase in the understanding and responsiveness of the need to lead healthy living. On another angle, public health aims at developing and reinforcing national guiding principle on proper heath care systems (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2010). Finally, public heath confines its activities towards continuous research on efficient medical systems and services to its beneficiaries. Focus on health status of populations Focus on health on population emphasizes on definition of health. Population health may be referred to as the health concerns of a population that are deliberated by the statuses of health indicators. These health indicators may be influenced by social, economic, political, individual’s ability to access health care amongst others. Health Canada, Population and Public Health Branch, Policy Directorate (2001) indicates that population health is the focus on the overall factors that affect the health of individuals. Population health also focuses on the occurrence of variations in health care and the possible policies that may be applied to improve on the health of individuals. In short, population health approach focuses on a general understanding of the health determinants, as compared to the medical approach. Is increased public education sufficient to reduce childhood obesity? Public health has contributed positively towards reducing obesity in children. Through mass education, many children have been seen to make healthy choices, especially through the contents of their diets. It is through public education, that parents are able to access nutritional fitness services for their children. Lobstein, Baur, Uauy (2004) argue that, it is through mass education that many obese adolescents have been able to access proper health care through counseling services. Obesity has been reduced through proper coverage by the media. consequently creation of healthy lifestyle programs for obese individuals. If you had $3 trillion dollars to spend, how would you spend this money to best improve the health status of public? With $3 trillion dollars, I would ensure that there is a functional public health service. First, I would monitor all health facilities. a factor that would reduce majority of the health problems faced in the community. I would also generate a lot of funds to the investigation of health vulnerabilities and issues in the community. With this, it would be extremely easy to design a working plan on how to deal with health issues. It is also important to educate the mass on the need to take charge of their health issues. A replica of this, by all individuals in the country would mean that health issues are minimized in the country (Wanless, 2004). Campaigns on community programs on actions geared to proper health, would contribute a great mile to the solving of health issues in the community. Finally, I would also link individuals to access to proper health care through sponsorships of certain deadly illnesses, especially to the women. What can you do as an individual – in your real life – to improve the public’s health? As an individual, I would work towards improving my personal hygiene. Breslow (2002) argues that a majority of individuals who succumb to certain illnesses is from the fact that they ignore the basics of simple hygiene. Besides hygiene, I will ensure that I take a gallon of water each day as well as consume non-perishables daily. With this, the chances that I shall succumb to illnesses that result from improper diets will be greatly minimized. Frequent exercises will also be beneficial in day to day living, through keeping the body fit and always prepared to handle the day’s activities. Public health begins from a change in individual’s lifestyle, then to the public. References Breslow, L. (2002).Encyclopedia of Public Health L-R. Macmillan Publisher: U.S.A. Health Canada, Population and Public Health Branch, Policy Directorate. (2001). The Population Health Template: Key Elements and Actions That Define a Population Health Approach. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Health Canada. Lobstein, T., Baur, L., Uauy, R. (2004).Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obesity Rev. 2004. 5(suppl 1):4 –104. US Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Healthy People 2010: Understanding and Improving Health. (2nd ed). Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services. 200. Wanless, D. (2004). Securing Good Health for the Whole Population, Final Report, p95.6 Department of Health, National Standards, Local Action. Health and Social Care Standards and Planning Framework, 2005-06 2007-08.