Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive health procedure that assists physicians in the detection and treatment of medical conditions. MR imaging applies controlling magnets, radio rhythms, and a computer to create detailed images of internal structure and specific function of the body. These representations can subsequently be observed on a computer screen and reproduced to a compact disc. Unlike computed tomography (CT), x-ray and ultrasound, detailed MRI use no ionizing radiation for improved assessment of certain parts of the body and specific maladies (Functional MRI (fMRI) – Brain).
Premature birth causes an increase in the number of children with neurodevelopmental sequences, with an occurrence of limiting physical and mental conditions varying from 20% to 50% (Bhutta et al). The increasing number of majority of babies who survived premature birth and low-birth-weight may have augmented the possibility of unfavorable lasting results, particularly in the cognition and behavior delays, even though some major injuries of the brain are not as prevalent as compared to its incidence a few years back (Hamrick et al). The use of a more effective and accurate neuroimaging method, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is now widely preferred in the detection of slight to severe injuries of the infant’s brain (Woodward et al).
There is a high possibility of neurodevelopmental harms in infants born prematurely, which may lead to consequential long-term impairments. Damage to the white brain matter, irregular brain growth, and general illness are interconnected defects that usually result frompremature birth or heart birth abnormalities, with reduced white matter volume being the distinguishing pattern of brain damage.