Managerial Decision Making in Terms of Globalization

The essay will be on the decision-making diversities and on programmed and non-programmed decision making and how diverse cultures could affect this process, taking the United States and Japan as opposite cultures.
This also takes into consideration the fact that decision-making is impossible to be the same in every organization of a country, in spite of similar culture. But on the whole, it would be more or less identical and definitely, it would be totally different from organizations of another culture.
Various cultures have different ways of approaching a problem and solving it. It could a participatory method or the time-honoured authoritative approach, or the decision-making might involve a group, or the topmost manager could take the total responsibility of it on his shoulders. Country related cultural factors like high or low masculinity, weak and strong uncertainty avoidance, and different ways of assessing the problem can all affect the process of decision making. Even if the outcome could be poles apart, the steps of decision making are more or less the same: identifying the problem, criteria, and allocation of weights to criteria and the final decision.
If problems are framed to two people, it would definitely result in at least slightly different solutions and it is not surprising that two countries with diverse backgrounds, race and culture should have organisations that would take unidentical decisions in solving a management problem3. Defining the problem itself could be from absolutely dissimilar angles. From the decision-making point of view, a wrong diagnosis of the problem could definitely lead into wrong decision-making. Sometimes managers act without complete knowledge of the problem in haste4. Identifying the relevant criteria is the next step of decision-making. Judging the weight of the criteria, so that the decision could be taken accordingly is another step. Before making a decision, it is absolutely necessary to look at the alternatives and apply them to the criteria and assess and decide on the best-suited alternative under the circumstances. If alternatives are not considered, there is always a mischance of leaving aside a better option. Rating each alternative against each criterion is the best way of making a decision. Only after that, a decision could be arrived at and before the final decision, its credibility, far reaching effect and its suitability should be assessed.
These two countries are absolutely different from one another in race, culture, and outlook. Japanese had enormous success in the industrial and technological field and since then they are pitted against the United States in decision making. There is a crucial point that the US has a top-down decision-making process, where decisions come down from the top level and the rest are expected to follow it verbatim. But Japanese still believe in conventional society, and here the decisions are made at the operating level, ‘a sort of bottom-up process’ and such decisions are supported and approved by the organization at all levels.&nbsp.