Methodology of Research Data Collection and Analysis

Interpretivism approach argues that there is far too much, ever-changing complexity to be defined by "laws" (Saunders et al., 2003, p.84). The dissertation will consider both philosophies since "the practical reality is that research rarely falls neatly into only one philosophical domain" (Saunders et al., 2003, p. 85) as well as the combination of both is common in research.
Inductive reasoning is when data is collected first and then theories developed as a result of the data analysis. This associates mostly with interpretivism. Deductive reasoning is the development of theory and hypothesis (or hypotheses) and design of a research strategy to test the hypothesis" (Saunders et al., 2003, p.85). This mainly associates with positivism. The dissertation will consider both processes of reasoning.
Exploratory studies are a valuable means of finding out what is happening. to seek new insights. to ask questions and to assess phenomena in a new light (Robson, 2002, cited in Saunders et al., 2003, p.96) and will be considered for the purpose of this study. This is particularly useful as the researcher wishes to clarify the understanding of a problem, namely the best option for intervention with children exhibiting conditions of ADHD.
There are three basic types of questions that a research project can address: causal (to determine whether a variable causes or affects another), relational (to look at the relationships between two or more variables), or descriptive (to describe what is going on or what exists).
This dissertation will be an exploratory study to find out whether mainstreaming and inclusion are the best options for schooling children with ADHD.
Methods of Data Collection
Having provided a theoretical framework upon which this dissertation is based to guide the research investigation, two forms of data will be gathered:
(1) Primary research data in the form of semi-structured survey results from various respondents – teachers, parents, and students. and
(2) Secondary research data in the form of reference literature on the research topic.
Survey Questionnaire Design and Respondents