Midaq Alley by Naguib Mahfouz

Naguib achieves primary themes of “Midaq Alley” such as marriage, the hope of freedom and religion by use of literary skills of humor and symbolism to create an inspiring effect on the audience.
First, the author illustrates the promise of freedom as a primary theme in the story. Most residences of Midaq Alley yearn to get out of their suffocating street may be to interact with the world and discover new things or get an economic breakthrough. Naguib depicts Midaq Alley being in isolation that disconnects it from the outside world. The residence of the street feels entrapped, and some females are willing to use unorthodox means to gain the freedom. For example, Hamida envies the Jewish factory girls because to her they are free from the demeaning traditional bonds.
Hamida feels she should be out of Midaq Alley because of her prosperous future under siege. She submits herself to Abbas, a barber she sneers and does not care about but only sees a ticket to freedom and promising life once she gets out of the alley. In fact, she only gives in to Abbas after realizing he was planning to get out of Cairo. Similarly, Saniya gives in to matchmaker hoping that maybe the man would consider marrying her. Umma Hamida, Hamada’s foster mother, cancels the union of her daughter with Abbas. In her view, Hamida will have a better life with Salim Alwan, who is a wealthy merchant in Midaq Alley. However, Umma Hamida knows that her reputation and honor are at risk of canceling the engagement, but she does it. Apparently, most women of Midaq Alley attempts to escape from their status in life. they find no hope of new life because the same society traps them again. Not only the women want to break away from the veil of darkness in Midaq Alley, but also men such as Abbas.&nbsp.