National Health Services of the United Kingdom

As most of the citizens are left out of the reach of the services, it is beneficial if the health and social care activities are carried out with the help of local primary trust, NGOs and government authorities. Health and social care partnership is crucial to the current process of modernization underway in UK welfare services. This is true across a range of policy areas, but is particularly significant with regard to adult and children’s health and social care. The present paper is aimed at discussing the present policies of NHS which are in practice with regard to health and social care and to provide viable suggestions for the formulation of policies for NHS in the future.
The health, social care and well being agenda is highly complex and challenging which is one of the most visible and contested aspects of contemporary public policy in the UK which is constantly being criticized by policy makers, citizens, politicians and the media. In the light of ever increasing public demands and expectations, an ageing population, huge advances in medical science and technology and scarce resources, there is a pressing need to design and deliver health and social care services that meet the needs of users and citizens and are efficient and effective. However, achieving consensus on the range and nature of these services is far from easy given the plethora of different interests and stakeholders involved.
Skinner et al (2004) mentioned that the requirement of radical change in UK public sector has necessitated significant movement away from traditional structures, approaches, and assumptions resulting in new organizational forms and changed psychological contracts. National Health Service is one of such organizations that is characterized by continuous, radical national and local change in pursuit of a culture change away from bureaucratic and hierarchical processes towards newly valued entrepreneurial attitudes and behaviors.3 South (2007)4 states the NHS is one of the undisputed pillars of the welfare state and UK citizens have special rights to health care free at the point of delivery. It is further stated that the relationship between those providing health care services and beneficiaries has been characterized by professional dominance and paternalism which was changed by the New Labour Government in 1997 that included leadership development within the health and social services as a core component of the modernization agenda (Carr et al, 2009)5.
Weeks (2007)6 mentioned that the historical responsibility of health and social care services in England has ebbed and flowed over time. The division of responsibility was to divide the work among the other departments of the government so that health care services take the shape of social services and reaches the citizens of England. It is further st