One of the key aspects of research and scholarly inquiry is with regards to seeking to understand a given issue or present a given approach in a new, novel, and/or effective manner. As a result of this underlying need, researchers tend to craft their approach based upon their own ideas as well as the salient information that they had integrated with throughout the course of their literature review and research approach. Entire volumes exist with regards to the best way in which an individual researcher can and should approach such a process. In short, and entry into the topic field, a broad research and literature review, consideration of pertinent and salient issues, and a final delineation with regards to a topic, are invariably the steps undertaken prior to any research actually being conducted and/or performed. Although there are many sources of information that help to discuss the way in which the aforementioned process should take place, there is relatively little information that is published concerning the importance of peer and self-assessment strategies. Due to the fact that this is oftentimes overlooked, the overall importance of such a process is by extension overlooked as well. Yes, the fact of the matter is that peer and self-assessment is an extraordinarily powerful tool for helping to correct and ultimately improve upon the quality of the research and information that is presented to the final audience. As a direct function of the overall importance that such processes have with regards to the quality and relevance of information presented, the following analysis will seek to analyze the means by which peer evaluation and self-evaluation are both positive tools they can help to strengthen the legitimacy and relevance of a particular work as well as analyzing some of the weaknesses that this approach is necessarily engendered. It is the hope of this author that such an analysis will lead the reader to a more profound level of understanding with regards to the overall importance use and application of both year and self-evaluation within the research process.