Political Roles in Natural Disaster Management
Student name:Course:Instructor name:Month, day, year:AbstractNatural disaster management is a fundamental act in the US both in economic, social-cultural, and political dimensions. Researchers and policymakers record that due to Hurricane Agnes and nuclear accidents in the United States of America, a rise to government participation at local and federal was evidence through the formation of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (Mener A, 2007). The purpose of this paper is to review and political analysis roles in planning, preparation, and response to a natural disaster. IntroductionThe impact and occurrence of natural disasters are on an administrative capacity. Despite the autonomy of genetic distance relationships with a political standpoint, human political actions display myriad ways in which political intervention leads to planning, preparation, and response to such circumstances beyond one’s control (Cohen C and Weker E, 2008). Political designs and models are vital in disaster control, mitigation, and control over a given geographical jurisdiction and administration capability of political power in natural disasters such as earthquake and hurricane mitigation and monitoring. Despite an extensive literature review on the political contribution in disaster management, there is a need for further research to comprehend planning, preparation, and response to natural disasters from a political perspective. PlanningDisaster planning is a systematic approach to natural disaster management and control. Politics play myriad roles in planning for natural disaster mitigation and control (Choudhury Z, 2013). Politics shape the systematic planning of natural disaster management prevention, alerts, response, and recovery of the losses. The federal and local government authority plays roles to control natural disaster in various approaches.Planning of inspection methods and alert preposition are vital in the preparation of the natural disaster mitigation. Administration formulated purposes and means to regulate and control potential natural hazard occurrence. Similarly, in planning to natural disaster counteraction, politics administer routinely monitor measures and precaution in the future presence of non-made made disaster. Furthermore, federal and local authorities participate in disaster planning through installation of automatic and computerized alarms in water disaster or hurricane to ensure timely evacuation of the victims. Moreover, the political setting of a region, accommodate mandate and administration privilege to create rules and regulation in planning to control natural disaster management. For instance, the creation of FEMA to respond to emergencies in managing natural disaster impacts at local and national levels of political environment establish guideline in panning to natural disaster control and mitigation. Planning creates a groundwork for natural disaster mitigation approaches and analysis.Preparation In emergency control and management, legislators are at the forefront to formulate policies and regulations for natural disaster mitigations (DeLeo R, 2018). Government institutions and provide a framework for natural disaster preparedness, influencing the participation of non-governmental organizations on the mitigation process. There are various strategies in which politics play roles in Preparation to natural disaster control. Firstly, the provision of policies and regulation by local and federal government establishes a ground plan for natural disaster mitigation. Secondly, astigmatic selection and alertness is a strategy useful for politics intervention and participation in natural disaster mitigation and control. Furthermore, political leadership skills and flexibility establish a significant role in predation to natural disaster control and management. Political perspective is, therefore, fundamental in preparation for natural disaster management in multiple methods; thus, a subject of concern in politics of natural disaster management across the globe.Response Response to a natural disaster is an integral segment in disaster management, showing positive response to hurricane cases in the United States of America. For instance, in Texas and Florida’s example of a hurricane, the reports, analysis, and documentation indicates that the response was faster and reliable (Wilson C, Singer P, Creary M and Greer S, 2019). In the provision of safe, credible, and swift response, politics contributes to various systematic approaches to impact natural disaster management. Arousal of the disaster management team is a prominent response strategy to natural disaster control.Similarly, politics play a role in the identification and examination of the crisis in disaster management. Furthermore, identification of tasks such as alert, financial provision, and practical mechanism are variables of explicit influence from federal and regional governments. The politics role in response to natural disasters is vital since it provides a fundamental segment of recovery and compensation of the victims and resentment t in an en event of deadliest natural disasters. Conclusion Despite the absence of a direct correlation between natural disasters and politics, human factors, and involvement in controlling hazards and crises in a natural disaster are a direct influence of the political answerable and implementation. Therefore politics play fundamental roles in planning, preparation, and response to natural disaster occurrence, management, and control. Disaster management is a systematic approach that should simulate and implement methodical political, economic, and social perspectives on risk and natural disaster mitigation and prevention.Work CitedChoudhury, Z. (2013). Politics of Natural Disaster: How Governments Maintain Legitimacy in the Wake of Major Disasters, 1990 – 2010. Retrieved on February 15, 2020, from https://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5618&context=etdDeLeo, R. (2018). Political Science Perspectives. Retrieved on February 15, 2020, from https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-92722-0_6Mener, A. (2007). Disaster Response in the United States of America: An Analysis of the Bureaucratic and Political History of a Failing System. Retrieved from: http://www.unm.edu/~marivera/524%20readings%201/Mener_Disaster%20Response%20in%20the%20US.pdfWilson, C., Singer, P., Creary, M, and Greer S. (2019). Quantifying inequities in US federal response to hurricane disaster in Texas and Florida compared with Puerto Rico. Retrieved from: https://gh.bmj.com/content/bmjgh/4/1/e001191.full.pdf