Public Infrastructure Services

A projection of change in highway user costs against the proposed investments in 2022 (Source: Report to Congress by US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration. The Secretary of Transportation. 2006)
Annual Highway Fatalities – A linear projection by ARTBA, USA and Estimated Road Fatalities in USA due to Road Conditions and Outdated Alignments (Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and ARTBA, USA. 2003)
The Transport System and other Public Infrastructure Services are deployed by the Government in collaboration with Private sectors for the well being of the people of a country. As defined by the American Society of Civil Engineers, the public infrastructure services comprises of Aviation, Bridges, Dams, Railways, Roads, Drinking Water, Gas, Energy, Communications, Hazardous Waste Management &amp. Disposal, Waterways, Recreation Areas &amp. Parks, Schools, Colleges &amp. Professional Training Institutions, Public Protection &amp. Security, Religion &amp. Community Centers, Hospitals &amp. Healthcare, Solid Waste Management, Transportation &amp. Transit, and Wastewater management. These Infrastructure Services are primarily established for the People of a country and hence human health &amp. safety is the primary concern in design and deployment of the services.
Most of the citizens of America and the politicians think that Public Health is all about providing adequate number of hospitals and clinical services to the citizens. These facilities are reactive modes of ensuring health as they are normally consulted when the impacts have already happened. What about the proactive measures required ensuring that the impacts to health &amp. safety are minimized Again, the so called proactive measures are not only about reducing the probability of infections. There are a number of other factors that need to be considered. In a country the well being of the citizens and the corresponding impact on mental &amp. physical health &amp. safety are dependent upon the following factors (Source: TurningPoint, 2002):
Social Determinants of Health
Environmental Health
Occupational Health
Behavioural Health
Oral Health
Health Services for General Population
Health Services for Underserved
Community Assets
Economic Development
Public Safety
The well being of citizens is not primarily the Government’s responsibility. the Private sectors and community participation also need to contribute considerably to ensure that bad