Radio and the Music Industry

During the mid to late 1880’s numerous inventors including Edison, Berliner, and Bell were experimenting with a new invention called the gramophone.&nbsp. By 1889 Edward Easton opened the Colombia Phonograph Company.&nbsp. The recording industry was in its infancy.&nbsp. The first recording Easton made was John Philip Sousa directing the United States Marine Corp Band that same year.&nbsp. During this time, Marconi and his company made many advances during the next several years including: erecting the first commercial radio station in 1898 on Rathlin Island off the coast of Ireland. (“Brief History” “Pre 1900” 2004, screen 2).
&nbsp.In 1893 Emile Berliner made major breakthroughs with the phonograph.&nbsp. His company, the U. S. Gramophone company the following year sold 1,000 of the machines, most crank type although a few were motorized.&nbsp. The same year he discovered that shellac worked much better than what had been used for producing ‘records’, which until that time was a hard rubber.&nbsp. In 1894 Guglielmo Marconi having heard about recent development with sound waves made the first successful radio transmission from his home, a distance of just over one mile.&nbsp. The following year he travelled to England and received a patent for his “wireless” telegraphy.&nbsp. By 1896, “Eldridge Johnson improved the gramophone with a motor designed by Levi Montross and his own patent 601,198 filed Aug. 19, 1897, for a simple and inexpensive machine that became the most popular disc phonograph by 1900. he then merged his Consolidated Talking Machine Co. with Berliner’s company.