Realist and Nonrealistic Techniques and Principles in Literature

Great expectations by Charles Dickens was written in an age of realism and the novel utilized the narrative voice element to portray realism and nonrealistic techniques and principles. It tries to bring out the illusion of the reality in two voices, of the one who speaks and the one who sees. Dickens uses the first-person perspective and the present spoken method of narration attempting to strike a balance in the narrations as Pip the boy and the interpretation as pip the man.
A mature pip looks back more often at his childhood days and attempts to re-evaluate the people and the situations that played a part in his development.
The novel was written at an important time in history where it became possible because of the industrial revolution for poor men to obtain wealth and social status (Dickens, 1978). The novel focuses on pip the protagonist of the story who is also the narrator of the story, his chronological development from his childhood, the acquisition of his “great expectations”, his devastated dreams and later abandonment of his high life.
Since pip is narrating the story when he is an adult many years after the story took place, the reader is able to identify with the story rather than if it were narrated by a child who is unable to put forth a mature view coupled with the critical judgment of his life due to lack of experience.
The dual perspective is portrayed in the opening paragraph of the first chapter. Here the writer describes how he could not make more of his name due to his tongue (Friedman, 2003). Dickens exercises caution to distinguish the two voices.