Simone Martinis and Robert Campin’s Annunciation



Simone Martini is one of the second generation Sienese artists, being a student of Duccio di Buoninsegna. They both belong to the school of painting that flourished in Siena, Italy between the 13th and 15th centuries. The Sienese art has rivaled the Florentine art and its main figures are Duccio di Buoninsegna, Simone Martini and Pietro Lorenzetti among others. The Annunciation was created by Simone Martine in 1333 just a year before his death. The artist has had French influence since he spend time in the Avignon. The state at that time was enveloped with trouble, when the Great Schism was happening, with three men claiming to be pope at the same time. Simone Martini was undoubtedly influenced by the Northern artists as he met them when he was in service and the Avignon.On the other hand, Robert Campin is a Flemish artist during the fifteenth century when he was called the "Master of Flemalle”. “Flemish painting flourished from the early 15th century until the 17th century” when “Flanders delivered the leading painters in Northern Europe and attracted many promising young painters from neighboring countries”. These artists had the experience of doing painting works in the foreign courts giving them a Europe-wide influence. He is considered the great Master of early Netherlandish painting in the Early Renaissance Period. The Sienese school of painting where Simone Martini was groomed was characterized by a more conservative art, inclined towards “the decorative beauty and elegant grace of late Gothic art”.