Smoking cessation strategies among adults the role of nurses

In general, Evidence Based Practice (EBP) refers to the process by which medical practice uses information obtained from available evidence to deliver quality health care to patients. According to Gordon &amp. Watts (2011), EBP should be used together with clinical knowledge and skills in order to ensure quality service delivery. According to Craig &amp. Smyth (2011) EBP requires the nursing professional to possess the skills necessary for accessing and using appropriate evidence and integrate them with an understanding of patients’ needs. This integration allows the nurse to make sound decisions during specific clinical situations, as not all evidence is applicable to all situations. For example, Zwar, Mendelsohn &amp. Richmond (2014) write that EBP can be used in smoking cessation, whereby the health professional asks, advises, assesses, assists, and arranges for the patient to quit smoking.
The use of EBP is very important since it gives the nursing professional a wide range of information from various disciplines such as public health, psychology, and sociology thus leading to the delivery of quality and well-informed care. According to Eizenberg (2011), the incorporation of EBP in patient care means that the patient is more likely to recover because the methods being used in care delivery have been tested and proven to work in similar situations.
The book focuses principally on the strategies used by health care professionals in helping adults particularly inpatients stop smoking. For example, the authors provide the behavioral support intervention that is aimed at withdrawal. Here, the nurse integrates evidence-based treatment with advice and medication. The process involves motivating the patient to quit, setting a quit date, explaining withdrawal symptoms and giving medication. According to the authors, nicotine replacement therapy and bupropion are the only available smoking medications in the UK.