South Africa Apartheid History

Apartheid (1948-1994) cannot be considered as ‘the best solution’ for the country because it violated human rights and freedoms of black populations and caused separation between the white minority and the black majority. Primarily, apartheid was one of the main forms of racial discrimination, separation of the white minority and the black majority. Social divisions in this colonial society increasingly took on a rigid racial character. Between the 1950s – 1970s white power was used to forge one of the most extreme forms of racial discrimination in the twentieth-century world. For instance, whereas the strength and size of the settler population in the United States or Australia meant that race relations were for many years relegated to the peripheries of national historiography, the race was an abiding concern even in the most inward-looking settler histories of South Africa. Apartheid cannot be the best solution for South African because this term coincides with the concepts of racism, segregation, and oppression of the black population. Segregation in South Africa encompassed many different social relationships. It is often discussed as a series of legislative Acts which removed and restricted the rights of ‘non-whites’ in every possible sphere. Segregation was more than a set of restrictive legislation: it refers as well to a composite ideology and set of practices seeking to legitimize social difference and economic inequality in every aspect of life. For instance, Coloured was the official apartheid designation for persons of mixed race . Many of the spatial and social elements of segregation, such as the division of churches on the basis of color, were initially governed by convention rather than law. It is important to mention the exclusion of blacks from skilled work, and especially from the exercise of supervisory functions over whites, was determined by custom as well as legislative bars.