Task 2

Health care priorities Two health care conditions that are national priorities The National Health Priority Areas (NHPAs) are conditions and diseases that the Australian government decided to put its focus and attention on following major crises and increase in deaths and major illnesses in the Australian community over the years. This study discusses two health care conditions that are of national priority diabetes and mental health. Diabetes is a chronic condition that results due to high levels of blood glucose. The condition results when the pancreas is unable to develop enough insulin or the body system becomes resistance to insulin or both. At least 4 % of residents in Australia are suffering from diabetes i.e. 990,000 people. However, the rate has risen by a rate of 1.5 from 1990 hence, the need to make it a national priority. Pregnancies that are associated with diabetes are 44,000 women between 2005 to 2007 thus associated complications. Risk factors include overweight and obesity while people suffering have increased chances of cardiovascular diseases. Many funds are spent in treatment. 1,507 million dollars were spent in treatment between 2008 and 2009 (Cunningham et al, 8). Mental health is a large cause of disability accounting for 24 % of total years lost due to disability in Australia and is becoming increasingly apparent. An estimation of 3.2 million people in Australia has a mental disorder aged between 16 to 85 years. The mental health services report provides recent information on characteristics and activity of mental health care services. The mental and palliative care is responsible for analysing and reporting mental health care service information contained in reports. However, mental illness has been associated with dementia, cardiovascular disease and alcohol abuse (Tempier et al, 2009).
The implications of the Australian Government’s identified health priorities for the nursing profession
Australian government health priorities for a nursing profession have the aim of improving the health care outcomes of all members in the country and ensuring sustainability of the health system by the implementation of the National Health Reform Agreement. A registered nurse ought to show competence at the work place with appropriate skills and knowledge. He should have the abilities of working interdependently and show responsibility and accountability for their practice. A nurse ought to respect all and should be well trained. In the study, mental health and diabetes are the identified government health priorities. However, these will have some implication on the nursing priority influence on healthcare delivery. Diabetes implications call for the development of sensitization programs by the state in diabetic symptoms control and management (Dunstan et al, 2002). This will call for an integrated management of sugars for the affected individuals as well as specialization for the nursing professionals. Awareness programs of the causes and prevention of the mental conditions ought to be enhanced among the nursing professions. Care ought to be focused on empowerment by education of the mentally ill as well as the diabetic patients to reduce the incidents of mental illness and diabetes in the country thus reduce the cost incurred in treatment i.e. use of the mass media communication as a source of education. The Australian government can boast of its qualified and repository profession, which has improved on research practices, to effectively and efficiently maintain and promote health and prevent incidents of diabetes and mental illnesses (Anikeeva et al, 2014).
References
Anikeeva, O.. Bi, P. Hiller, J., E.. Ryan, P.. Roder, D.. Han, G. S(2014). “Trends in Migrant Mortality Rates in Australia 1981-2007: A Focus on the National Health Priority Areas Other than Cancer.” Ethnicity &amp. health.
Cunningham, Joan. ODeal, Kerin. Dunbar, Terry. Weeramanthri, Tarun. Zimmet, Paul. and Shaw, Jonathan. (2006) “Study Protocol–Diabetes and Related Conditions in Urban Indigenous People in the Darwin, Australia Region: Aims, Methods and Participation in the DRUID Study.” BMC public health: 8.
Dunstan, D., W.. Zimmet, P., Z.. Welborn, T., A.. De Courten, M. P.. Cameron, A. J.. Sicree, R. A. Dwyer, T.. Colagiuri, S..… Shaw, J. E. (2002) “The Rising Prevalence of Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Tolerance: The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study.” Diabetes care: 829–834.
Tempier, R.. Meadows, G. N.. Vasiliadis, H. M.. Mosier, K. E.. Lesage, A.. Stiller, A.. Graham, A.. Lepnurm, M. (2009). “Mental Disorders and Mental Health Care in Canada and Australia: Comparative Epidemiological Findings.” Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology: 63–72.