The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

By the end of 2008, this figure has increased by more than three times. In sub-Saharan Africa alone, an estimated more than 22 million adults and children were living with HIV/AIDS. Of this number, an estimated 1.4 million have died from AIDS in that year alone. Over the years, the lives claimed by AIDS have left over 14 million orphaned children.
With the rise in the number of people infected with and killed by AIDS came the increase in funding to respond to the AIDS epidemic, especially in low-income regions like sub-Saharan Africa. In 2008 alone, global spending on the treatment of HIV/AIDS totaled US$ 13.7 billion – a considerable increase from the US$300 million annual spendings in the 1990s (The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Fact Sheet, 2009). Most of these funds were used to give access to medical treatment to people infected with AIDS from poor countries, especially to provide antiretroviral therapy. Support in the fight against AIDS come from all sectors ranging from national governments to the socio-civic organizations and even individual donor. As of the end of 2006, the World Bank alone had spent more than US$879 million to fund 75 projects mostly dedicated to providing medical treatments to alleviate the effects of HIV and AIDS.
Even with so much medical funding and attention committed in the fight towards the eradication of HIV/AIDS the epidemic continues to spread and claims the lives of so many victims. Granting that the current spending of almost US$14 billion is not nearly enough to cover the required US$19.8 billion to provide medical treatment to the majority of the AIDS victims needing medical attention, still a certain amount of progress towards its treatment is expected (The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Fact Sheet, 2009).
With no definitive cure discovered and no obvious signs of slowing down in the spread of the virus, it becomes more imperative that non-medical programs in response to HIV/AIDS have to be strengthened.&nbsp.