However, not all persons that live in disoriented backdrops take part in criminal circles. And here is where the ecological models fails in the sense that it does not illustrate why illegal activities are so prevalent is regions with low disorientation. The environmental line of attack inherent within criminology was popular in the 1920s as well as the 30s respectively at the University of Chicago. Ecological replica borrowed so much from Durkheim’s anomie hypothesis. And both the two hypothesis are social disorganization representations. At the University of Chicago, this model was advanced by sociological discipline and it was employed in the urban social change. where altering crime trends was one phenomenon under review. Ecological model that was pioneered by Robert Park and Ernest Burgess was a reflection of the plant ecology. Geologically, the flora and fauna coexist in mutual harmony and they are in due course co-dependent. Shaw, C &. McKay, H (1931:30-45). Bees for instance pollinate flowers producing seeds, etc. such mutual interdependence known as symbiosis. Scholars of this time believed that urban centers may be symbiotic milieus. The hypothesis of symbiosis as well as natural areas aught to illustrate urban subsistence at a given point in time, independently, they could not quantify urban shift, fastidiously, the trends of growth, decay as well as renewal that were evident among all the metropolis. To illustrate this concept Park borrowed a concept from plant ecology, incursion. Whereas an ecosystem might maintain equilibrium for a sustained epoch of time, the beginning of a new genus ought to have upset the antique stability. In the formative years of the 20th century, English imperialists for instance introduced the cactus type in Australia, the resultant effect was its wide spread growth that led to the choking off of the indigenous shrubbery. Park held an axiom of thought that the same trend happened in urban centers. In bid to expounding on how the process of invasion as well as progression functioned on a large scale, Park and Burgess urbanized their concentric precinct supposition. Owing to the great migration, the city of Chicago burgeoned enormously as the social changes were inevitable. The social alterations brought about anomalies that were associated with housing, paucity as well as strain on the establishment. Speedy social variations was the main concern to sociologists who wanted to predetermine how the city could continue being stable with respect to such changes. To help comprehend the flawed findings made by the Chicago school, there is need in comprehending the context by which the school emerged. From the above analysis, it become so apparent that anomalies ubiquitous in most of the metropolitan slums ought not to be blamed on the residents instead they emerge as a result of greater social as well as economic forces, which are beyond the control of the persons who dwell in the ghettos to contain. Shaw, C &. McKay, H (1931:30-45).
Criminology is a domain of information that regards crime as an observable fact inherent within a society. In response to the societal configuration viewpoint, criminality is less a personal persuade in as much as merchandise of social factors. Theorists like Durkheim, conceive criminal attributes as part of society owing to the school of thought that communal compromise is intricate to realize. Social ineptitude puts the concept on a functional whole that determines criminality and also