According to Billington &. Jackson (2006), farming in the southwest of Colorado had proved to be impossible due to a lack of water. The situation was aggravated further by the Imperial Canal project which drained water from Colorado to the Mexican border where irrigation proved to be fruitful for human settlement thus prompting the need for a project that would make irrigation a success. It was also insinuated that the dam would provide a reliable supply of water to the neighboring cities and towns. The reliable supply would, in turn, spur economic growth within these cities. The locals in Colorado before the construction of the dam experienced frequent flooding. The flooding had become detrimental as well as catastrophic to their farms as it led to immense crop loss. The construction of the project was to enable the authorities to control this menace. Later after the completion of the project, the need for the installation of a hydropower plant that was to supply electricity to entire California and neighboring towns (Nevada) arose (National Park Service US, 2015).
President Hoover was in charge of the negotiation where the six of the seven basin states had approved the construction of the dam. These states were Utah, Nevada, Colorado, California, Arizona, Wyoming and New Mexico with the Arizona state against the project’s intention to water distribution. Kolvet (2013) vindicates the president then authorized the construction of the Boulder dam and the Bureau for Reclamation launched bidding for the company that had the requisite requirement to undertake the project. The consortium of Six Companies Inc was awarded the project. The bureau was mandated with the task of overseeing the management of the water resources throughout the western part of the country.