The influence of cultural issue s on lifespan developmnet

Lifespan developmental psychology (LP) refers to the study of individual development (ontogenesis) from birth to old age (Neugarten 1996). It is a study of physical changes, emotional changes and perceptual changes of individuals over the span of life as they grow and interact with the environment. As individuals grow they are open to more and more opportunities of growth and learning till they reach old age where the process of growth of human mind as well as opportunities and the capacity to learn and grow more is compromised. The study initially focused on infants and children however over the period of time with the advancement in research and literature the horizons of lifespan development theory have broaden with formulation of theory for adults including adolescence, adult development and aging. An assumption of LP is that development is a lifelong process irrespective of the age with varying immersions in development example, maintenance, transformation, erosion in psychological structures, etc. Psychologists relating to this hold deduce that the overall ontogenesis of mind and behavior are mostly multifunctional, dynamic, nonlinear and multidimensional (Baltes 1997). Lifespan research and theory is projected to envision three components of human development inter-individual uniformities in development, inter-individual differences in development and intra-individual elasticity in development. Drawing attention towards the above mentioned aspects with respect to age differentials lay the foundation of the conceptual and methodological enterprise (Weinert amp. Perner 1996). Lifespan theory can be developed around person centered or function centered approaches.Person centric approach contemplates a person as a system by outlining the development of a person through a lifetime (Smith amp. Baltes 1997). While, function centric approach is less holistic in