Therefore, towards the middle of the Second World War, the British Government requested William Beveridge, the economist to form a report in harmony with the Royal Commission and thus came into existence the Beveridge Report of 1942. The Labour Government that was elected after the war conducted the actual implementation of the Beveridge Report. The Beveridge Report and the related reforms incorporated both the collectivism and individualism that should be present in standard and proper social policy (Hills, Ditch, and Glennerster, 1994, p 41). The Beveridge Report of 1942 initiated the development of a Welfare state in Britain by improving the standard of living after the Second World War.
The recommendation of the Beveridge Report was to protect the people of Britain from the five evils of society. It intended to carry out the campaigns against squalor, ignorance, want, idleness, and disease. Beveridge was of the opinion that the British government should be in charge of the lives of the people “from the cradle to the grave” (Chandler, 2002, p 25). Beveridge was chosen for framing the ideologies for the development of Welfare State, as he was an economist and had the first experience of reforming the liberal policies from 1906 to 1914. Then what made him propose for a Welfare State in Britain? The obvious answer was that he realized that the nation needed to be relieved from the perils of poverty and ill health. Secondly, he was a man involved in policy making and wanted to implement the proposals of the Seebohm Roundtree of 1936 on a wider scale to cater to the needs of the people. With the publication of the Beveridge Report in 1942, it became a bestseller and it was accepted both by the Government and the people. (Chandler, 2002, p 25) It included certain blocks like the National Health Service Act of 1946, the National Insurance Act of 1946, the National Assistance Act of 1948 and the Town and Country Planning Act of .1947. These were the building blocks for consolidating the Welfare State (Rowe, 2004, p 48).