Recommendations for programmes for single mothers who are financially disadvantaged are aimed at financial assistance as well as availability of foodstuffs that will promote the health of expecting women as well as the mothers of young children, promoting health in the next generation in order to decrease nutrition-based problems later in life.
This is admittedly a complex issue when dealing with a diverse population. firstly, many immigrants to the UK, the Commonwealth and the United States are deficient in the English language. Second, differing religions can dictate that a person visits a health practitioner of the same gender, religion and race. Third, economic disadvantages to minorities can be a deterrent, if the individuals do not live close to an NHS facility. Due to these factors, the results from surveys and studies regarding discrimination against minorities in terms of receiving health care cannot be judged as entirely trustworthy.
The table on the next page will show the standardised mortality ratios, by country of birth, selected causes, men and women aged 20-69, England and Wales, 1989-92 (Acheson, 1998). Whilst it displays the ratios according to country of origin and gender, we must take the above factors of language, religion/culture and proximity into consideration. Also we must consider that some cultures do not understand the concept of preventative care. All of these factors could lead to false assumptions of discrimination. yet we must also not ignore the fact that this discrimination does still exist.
Information gleaned from inequality and health care reports indicate that the culprit to health inequality is the ever-widening divide between socioeconomic factors. Blacks and minorities have long been occupying the lower end of the economic spectrum, and consequently the lack of