Managers look specifically at the individual’s performance at any one time while leaders look at a team and their future prospects (Maundy, 2001) Managers within an organization do the planning for most of the sectors such as policy formulation, financial, marketing of products, and control of major assets. They also exercise their power on any issue arising such as the decision making processes. The leaders in an organization are responsible for building a large workforce and human resources within the company. These leaders also inspire, innovate, mentor set examples, and revolutionize all the employees within the organization in order to achieve the best from them and also achieve the organization goals and objectives. (Maundy, 2001) Lastly, they build industry standards for the company products, set systems running and document procedures that guide other employees within the company. Management is universal and cuts across all organizations. an engineering firm is no exception. There are five managerial functions that will receive a lot of emphasis in the subsequent discussion. The first function is planning-it can be defined as the process of developing the objectives and mission of the organization. A manager must also organize-this involves coordinating and dividing tasks among members of the organization. Here, the manager assigns responsibilities to team members. Staffing is another managerial function and can be defined as the filling and maintaining of all the positions available in a company. Some of the activities involved in this function include: recruiting, training, hiring, evaluation, and compensation. Managers are also expected to control members of staff. This involves measuring performances, setting performance standards and taking corrective or preventive measures to ensure that the standards set are adhered to. Communication is another vital element in management and involves the transfer of information from management down to other members of the organizational structure. Lastly, managers are expected to motivate their team members, this involves influencing or channeling people’s behavior to accomplish the missions and objectives of the organization. An organization can be viewed as a combination of two sets of workers i.e. management and subordinates. Both categories have their own goals that have to be directed towards the overall goals of the organization. It is important for management to try and align employee goals with organizational goals. This means that everyone in the organization will be working in the same direction. This can be achieved by creating a sense of loyalty among employees and through communication. This implies that workers will work hand in hand with management thus achieving overall goals. In contrast, if every member of the organization focuses on their own needs and did not consider their workgroup as a team, resources will be drained and losses will occur. Taking an example of a hospital-like the Yale-New Haven Hospital. There is a culture of teamwork in the hospital.