It is crucial for managers to take time out and understand the individual differences in the people with whom they work because they are responsible for the overall performance of their department or work unit or section. They need to understand the differences in order to grant rewards and compensation in a way that would be best utilized by the employee and would make him most satisfied and motivated and the other prime objective is to derive the target performance or performance exceeding standards from the employees. A motivated and satisfied employee will tend to surpass performance standards in terms of efficiency and other standards that have been set.
Managers need to take into account the legal implications of all their decisions specifically their decisions pertaining to their employees. A disgruntled employee, who has faced a decision of the manager that is not legally correct, can cost the manager his job, reputation and may end up in lifelong litigation. A good everyday example would be in an organization that has a leave policy having 15 sick leaves that can be availed in case of emergency. The sick leaves are a right of the employee. However, the manager prefers that he should be informed well in advance and asked permission to grant leave prior to actually taking leave. In such a case, if an employee turns up to him to have him sign his leave application after he has taken 6 days off, and the manager refuses to sign it, as per the organizations policy, the employee can take the matter up to the higher authorities in a way subliming the manager’s authority.
Usually, in organizations, managers tend to use utilitarianism. There might be situations whereby a decision option is principally correct but ethically wrong for example if men can be sent on international business trips, just due to their gender, women should not be discriminated against if they deserve it and if they are capable to achieve the business targets from the trip. .As mentioned earlier, the saying “ what you sow, so shall you reap” applies most to managers. .